History of Glasgow

History of Glasgow

Glasgow before Romans

Damnonii is stated to be the name of the ancient natives of Glasgow before the invasion of Romans. Their settlements were mainly in the Glasgow city and the South East from Motherwell extending up to Lanark. The natives had their own self-governed area with well-defined laws.

Glasgow during Romans

The Romans invaded Glasgow in 71AD. They built the Antonine Wall extending from Firth of Clyde up to the Firth of Forth to divide their occupied territory from the self-governed Damnonii areas. Though Glasgow was not under the direct rule of Romans, the natives seemed to have a pact with them.

The carvings on the yellow and red stones of Antonine Wall are still intact and preserved by the archaeological department of Glasgow. They represent the control of Romans over natives during their period.

Glasgow after Romans

The Roman Empire ended after few years of Glasgow occupation. It might have been due to the fierce resistance by the natives and inhospitable mountain terrains. Romans had suffered defeat in the battles of the Danube in 86AD.  The common year started in AD 86 which is also called the year of Augustus.

Glasgow seemed to be under the control of natives after the decline of the Romans until the arrival of Anglo Saxons. Their rule extended until 500 AD. Museums in Glasgow preserve a vast range of Anglo Saxon weapons, armour, tools, home utensils, dress materials, and other objects.

Glasgow and Christianity

Christianity started spreading in Glasgow after 500 AD which originated from St Nynia and St Patrick. Venerable Bede was the next well-known monk who spread Christianity from 597AD to 735SAD. Bede created a calendar from 1 AD in terms of 19-year cycles which also included the year 1001 which was much ahead of his time.

Glasgow developed as a farming centre from 1114 to 1200. This period witnessed many developments including the construction of the church of Saint James and Episcopal burgh. From 1200 to 1492 was the period of the popes. There were developments in medicine, surgery, hospitals, stone houses, and the establishment of small industries.

Education was given more prominence after the appointment of Robert Blackadder as the first Archbishop in 1492. The first Glasgow University came into existence in the year 1518. Trading and commerce with centralized taxation came into existence by 1590.

The period from 1600 1699 witnessed the development of industries trade, agriculture, and other commercial establishments. The Bank of Scotland was established in Glasgow in the year 1690.

Glasgow after 1700

The growth of the Glasgow economy started booming from 1700. This period witnessed the growth of the university, printing technology, tobacco, breweries, sugar, cotton, bakery, concrete constructions, and other industries.

The first police force of Glasgow came into existence in 1800. Iron smelting technology became popular in 1828. Formal Glasgow government was formed in the same year. The first major landmark after 1828 was the opening of Glasgow subway in 1896.

Glasgow after 1900

The first Glasgow international exhibition in 1900 opened up the city to global trading and commerce. From then until 2018 Glasgow has been on the path to modernization and digitization.